Other Ecological Markets


Flows: newsletter on payments for watershed services

International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED): Project on “Developing Markets for Watershed Protection and Improved Livelihoods”. Since its inception in 2003, the project has worked with, and learned from, the real-time efforts of those trying to set up and develop payments for watershed services (PWS) in ways that address both land use and livelihood challenges - Watershed markets link

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"Banks and Fee" Study, by Environmental Law Institute, provides citizen groups, local, state, and federal agencies, the public, and the regulated community with the information they need to evaluate the ability of wetland mitigation banking and in-lieu-fee mitigation to achieve their regional wetland conservation and land use planning objectives.

U.S. EPA Wetland Mitigation/Mitigation Banking guidance.

National Wetlands Mitigation Action Plan

, a 17 actions plan drafted by an interagency team from the Environmental Protection Agency, the Army Corps of Engineers, and the Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Interior, and Transportatio of the U.S., addresses areas of concern, including data collection and availability, clarifying performance standards, improving accountability, and integrating mitigation into the watershed approach. This plan endorses the goal of no net loss of wetlands and outlines specific action items that address the concerns of the National Academy of Sciences, General Accounting Office, and other independent evaluations.

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U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service(U.S. FWS) Guidance for the Establishment, Use, and Operation of Conservation Banks

U.S. FWS information for private landowners, states, and the Endangered Species Act

State of California Official Policy on Conservation Bank

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Data and modeling for environmental credit trading - Bibliography by USDA.

Ecosystem Multiple Markets, an ETN project funded by the GLPF, looking at using environmental markets to simulate ecosystem restoration. See the Concept Summary and the White Paper Draft Report of the project.

The Future of Wetlands Mitigation Banking by Leonard Shabman and Paul Scodari on the Choice* magazine (Vol. 20, No. 1, 2005)
*An online peer-reviewed magazine published by the American Agricultural Economics Association (AAEA)

National Forum on Synergies between Water Quality Trading and Wetland Mitigation Banking.
This forum, held in July 2005, aimed at advancing point/nonpoint source trading by identifying ‘lessons learned’ from wetland mitigation banking, and at exploring the potential role wetlands can play in providing water quality credits as part of a watershed scale trading program. The final report is now available

Market and Payments for Ecosystem Services (2006) - Yale Forest Forum Review, Vol 9 (1), pdf

Valuing Ecosystem Services from Wetlands Restoration in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley by B. Murray, A. Jenkins, R. Kramer and S. Faulker, Duke University - February 2009

Ecosystem Services:  A Guide for Decision Makers.  WRI 2008.

Nonpoint Source and Carbon Sequestration Credit Trading: What Can the Two Learn from Each Other? by K. Stephenson and D. Bosch (2003).

The State of Ecosystem Services (pdf) by B. Searle and S. Cox (December 2009).

Wetlands and Water Quality Trading: Review of Current Science and Economic Practices with Selected Case Studies (July 2007)

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Ecosystem Marketplace SM by the Katoomba Group and Forest Trends

National Mitigation Banking Association. Established in 1998, The NMBA promotes federal legislation and regulatory policy that encourages mitigation banking and conservation banking as a means of compensating for adverse impacts to our nation's environment.

International Institute for Environment and Development - Watershed Markets page

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