Other Ecological Markets

 Watershed Services

  • International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) Project on “Developing Markets for Watershed Protection and Improved Livelihoods”:
    • Since its inception in 2003, the project has worked with, and learned from, the real-time efforts of those trying to set up and develop payments for watershed services (PWS) in ways that address both land use and livelihood challenges.

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 Wetland Mitigation Banking

  • "Banks and Fee" Study (Environmental Law Institute):
    • Provides citizen groups, local, state, and federal agencies, the public, and the regulated community with the information they need to evaluate the ability of wetland mitigation banking and in-lieu-fee mitigation to achieve their regional wetland conservation and land use planning objectives.
  • U.S. EPA Wetland Mitigation/Banking Guidance
  • National Wetlands Mitigation Action Plan:
    • A 17-actions plan drafted by an inter-agency team from the Environmental Protection Agency, the Army Corps of Engineers, and the Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Interior, and Transportation of the U.S.
    • Addresses areas of concern, including data collection and availability, clarifying performance standards, improving accountability, and integrating mitigation into the watershed approach.
    • The plan endorses the goal of no net loss of wetlands and outlines specific action items that address the concerns of the National Academy of Sciences, General Accounting Office, and other independent evaluations.

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 Conservation Banking

  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (U.S. FWS): 
    • Guidance for the Establishment, Use, and Operation of Conservation Banks
    • Information for private landowners, states, and the Endangered Species Act


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 Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) /
Compensation & Rewards for Ecosystem Services (CRES)


  • Assessing the Effects of USDA Conservation Practices on Wetland Ecosystem Services in California's Central Valley. Proposal. Dr. Walter G. Duffy. Submitted by Humboldt State University Sponsored Programs Foundation. Submitted to U.S. Geological Survey, Cooperative Research Units.
  • Ecosystem Service Market Development: The Role and Opportunity for Finance. (March 2010). Prepared by: Ray Hartwell and Bruce Aylward (Ecosystem Economics LLC), Sue Lurie and Sally Duncan (Institute of Natural Resources), and Katrina Van Dis (Central OR Intergovernmental Council). The Bullitt Foundation.
  • Ecosystem Services: A Guide for Decision Makers. (2008). Janet Ranganathan, Ciara Raudsepp-Hearne, Nicolas Lucas, Frances Irwin, Monika Zurek, Karen Bennett, Neville Ash, Paul West. World Resources Institute (WRI).
  • Ecosystem Services as a Framework for Forest Stewardship: Deschutes National Forest Overview. (August 2011). Nikola Smith, Robert Deal, Jeff Kline, Dale Blahna, Trista Patterson, Thomas A. Spies, and Karen Bennett. United States Department of Agriculture: Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-852.
  • Payments for Ecosystem Services: A California Rancher Perspective. (September 2011). Molly Cheatum, Frank Casey, Pelayo Alvarez, and Ben Parkhurst. Conservation Economics and Finance Program White Paper.
  • Valuing Ecosystem Services from Wetlands Restoration in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley. (March 2010). W. Aaron Jenkins, Brian C. Murray, Randall A. Kramer, Stephen P. Faulkner. Ecological Economics. Vol 69(5): 1051-1061. Abstract.


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 Carbon
  • A Synthesis of the Science on Forests and Carbon for U.S. Forests. (Spring 2010). Michael G. Ryan, Mark E. Harmon, Richard A. Birdsey, Christian P. Giardina, Linda S. Heath, Richard A. Houghton, Robert B. Jackson, Duncan C. McKinley, James F. Morrison, Brian C. Murray, Diane E. Pataki, and Kenneth E. Skog. Issues in Ecology. Report Number 13.
  • Climate Change: What do we Know About the IPCC? (October 2010). Mike Hulme and Martin Mahony. Physical Geography. 34(5): 705-718. Abstract.
  • T-AGG Survey of Experts: Scientific Certainty Associated with GHG Mitigation Potential of Agricultural Land Management Practices. (2011). Alison J. Eagle and Samantha D. Sifleet. Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, Duke University.
  • Testing an Astronomically Based Decadal-Scale Empirical Harmonic Climate Model Versus the IPCC (2007) General Circulation Climate Models. (2011). Nicola Scafetta. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics. Abstract.



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 Publications


  • Bibliography by USDA: Data and modeling for environmental credit trading.
  • Eco-Asset Management: Banking on Nature's Fortune. (December 2003). M. Miller. Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). Electricity Technology Roadmap Limiting Challenge #12, Final Report.
  • Electric Utilities and Water: Emerging Issues and R&D Needs. (2003). Thomas J. Feeley III and Massood Ramezan. Water Environment Federation, 9th Annual Industrial Wastes Technical and Regulatory Conference. San Antonio, TX.
  • The Future of Wetlands Mitigation Banking. (2005). Leonard Shabman and Paul Scodari. Choice Magazine Vol.20(1).
  • An Innovative System for the Efficient and Effective Treatment of Non-traditional Waters for Reuse in Thermoelectric Power Generation: Final Technical Report. (November 2008). John H. Rodgers, Jr., Ph.D., and James W. Castle, Ph.D. United States Department of Energy Award # DE-FG26-05NT42535.
  • Insights from the Field: Forests for Water. (February 2012). John Talberth, Erin Gray, Evan Branosky, and Todd Gartner. World Resources Institute (WRI) Issue Brief 9.
  • The National Forum on Synergies between Water Quality Trading and Wetland Mitigation Banking:
    • July 2005
    • Aimed at advancing point/nonpoint source trading by identifying "lessons learned" from wetland mitigation banking and at exploring the potential role wetlands can play in providing water quality credits as part of a watershed-scale trading program.
    • Final Report
  • Public Interest Energy Research: 2013 Annual Report. (2014). Mirviss, Lillian. California Energy Commission, Energy Research and Development Division. Publication Number: CEC-500-2014-035-CMF.




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 Web Links

  • National Mitigation Banking Association
    • Established in 1998, the NMBA promotes federal legislation and regulatory policy that encourages mitigation banking and conservation banking as a means of compensating for adverse impacts to our nation's environment.

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