Other Ecological Markets
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 Watershed Services

  • International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) Project on “Developing Markets for Watershed Protection and Improved Livelihoods”:
    • Since its inception in 2003, the project has worked with, and learned from, the real-time efforts of those trying to set up and develop payments for watershed services (PWS) in ways that address both land use and livelihood challenges.

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 Wetland Mitigation Banking

  • "Banks and Fee" Study (Environmental Law Institute):
    • Provides citizen groups, local, state, and federal agencies, the public, and the regulated community with the information they need to evaluate the ability of wetland mitigation banking and in-lieu-fee mitigation to achieve their regional wetland conservation and land use planning objectives.
  • Conservation Markets for Agriculture: Issue and Discussion Paper. (2008). Don Stuart. American Farmland Trust.
    • Appendix C: Models for Wetland and Aquatic Resource Mitigation Markets and Agriculture.
  • National Wetlands Mitigation Action Plan:
    • A 17-actions plan drafted by an inter-agency team from the Environmental Protection Agency, the Army Corps of Engineers, and the Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Interior, and Transportation of the U.S.
    • Addresses areas of concern, including data collection and availability, clarifying performance standards, improving accountability, and integrating mitigation into the watershed approach.
    • The plan endorses the goal of no net loss of wetlands and outlines specific action items that address the concerns of the National Academy of Sciences, General Accounting Office, and other independent evaluations.

  • U.S. EPA Wetland Mitigation/Banking Guidance

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 Conservation Banking

  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (U.S. FWS): 
    • Guidance for the Establishment, Use, and Operation of Conservation Banks
    • Information for private landowners, states, and the Endangered Species Act

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 Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) /
Compensation & Rewards for Ecosystem Services (CRES)

  • Assessing the Effects of USDA Conservation Practices on Wetland Ecosystem Services in California's Central Valley. Proposal. Dr. Walter G. Duffy. Submitted by Humboldt State University Sponsored Programs Foundation. Submitted to U.S. Geological Survey, Cooperative Research Units.
  • Common Pool Resource Management and PES: Lessons and Constraints for Water PES in Tanzania. Abstract. (2010). Brendan Fisher, Kassim Kulindwa, Iddi Mwanyoka, R. Kerry Turner, Neil D. Burgess. Ecological Economics 69(6): 1253-1261.
  • Ecosystem Services: A Guide for Decision Makers. (2008). Janet Ranganathan, Ciara Raudsepp-Hearne, Nicolas Lucas, Frances Irwin, Monika Zurek, Karen Bennett, Neville Ash, Paul West. World Resources Institute (WRI).
  • Ecosystem Services as a Framework for Forest Stewardship: Deschutes National Forest Overview. (August 2011). Nikola Smith, Robert Deal, Jeff Kline, Dale Blahna, Trista Patterson, Thomas A. Spies, and Karen Bennett. United States Department of Agriculture: Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-852.
  • Ecosystem Service Market Development: The Role and Opportunity for Finance. (March 2010). Prepared by: Ray Hartwell and Bruce Aylward (Ecosystem Economics LLC), Sue Lurie and Sally Duncan (Institute of Natural Resources), and Katrina Van Dis (Central OR Intergovernmental Council). The Bullitt Foundation.
  • Payments for Ecosystem Services: A California Rancher Perspective. (September 2011). Molly Cheatum, Frank Casey, Pelayo Alvarez, and Ben Parkhurst. Conservation Economics and Finance Program White Paper.
  • Payments for Watershed Services Regional Synthesis. (October 2010). Theo Dillaha, Paul Ferraro, Marjorie Huang, Douglas Southgate, Shyam Upadhyaya, and Sven Wunder. The Nature Conservancy.
    Dillaha, Theo; Ferraro, Paul; Huang, Marjorie; Southgate, Douglas; Upadhyaya, Shyam; Wunder, Sven - See more at: http://www.conservationgateway.org/Files/Pages/payments-watershed-servic.aspx#sthash.vGTtRIQ2.dpuf
    Dillaha, Theo; Ferraro, Paul; Huang, Marjorie; Southgate, Douglas; Upadhyaya, Shyam; Wunder, Sven - See more at: http://www.conservationgateway.org/Files/Pages/payments-watershed-servic.aspx#sthash.vGTtRIQ2.dpuf
  • Releasing the Pressure: Water Resource Efficiencies and Gains for Ecosystem Services - Policy Brief. (2012). Patrick Keys, Jennie Barron. United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP).
  • Valuing Ecosystem Services from Wetlands Restoration in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley. (March 2010). W. Aaron Jenkins, Brian C. Murray, Randall A. Kramer, Stephen P. Faulkner. Ecological Economics. Vol 69(5): 1051-1061. Abstract.
  • Water Funds and Payments for Ecosystem Services: Practice Learns from Theory and Theory can Learn from Practice. (2012). Rebecca L. Goldman-Benner, Silvia Benitez, Timothy Boucher, Alejandro Calvache, Gretchen Daily, Peter Kareiva, Timm Kroeger, and Aurelio Ramos. Cambridge Journals

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  • An Adaptive Agent-Based Modeling Approach for Analyzing the Influence of Transaction Costs on Emissions Trading Markets. Abstract. (April 2011). Bing Zhang, Yongliang Zhang, Jun Bi. Environmental Modelling & Software. 26(4): 482-491.
  • Climate Change: What do we Know About the IPCC? (October 2010). Mike Hulme and Martin Mahony. Physical Geography. 34(5): 705-718. Abstract.
  • A Synthesis of the Science on Forests and Carbon for U.S. Forests. (Spring 2010). Michael G. Ryan, Mark E. Harmon, Richard A. Birdsey, Christian P. Giardina, Linda S. Heath, Richard A. Houghton, Robert B. Jackson, Duncan C. McKinley, James F. Morrison, Brian C. Murray, Diane E. Pataki, and Kenneth E. Skog. Issues in Ecology. Report Number 13.
  • T-AGG Survey of Experts: Scientific Certainty Associated with GHG Mitigation Potential of Agricultural Land Management Practices. (2011). Alison J. Eagle and Samantha D. Sifleet. Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, Duke University.
  • Testing an Astronomically Based Decadal-Scale Empirical Harmonic Climate Model Versus the IPCC (2007) General Circulation Climate Models. (2011). Nicola Scafetta. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics. Abstract.

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  • Banking on Green: A Look at How Green Infrastructure Can Save Municipalities Money and Provide Economic Benefits Community-Wide. (April 2012). Jeffrey Odefey, Stacey Detwiler, Katie Rousseau, Amy Trice, Roxanne Blackwell, Kevin O'Hara, Mark Buckley, Tom Souhlas, Seth Brown, Pallavi Raviprakash. Joint Report by American Rivers, the Water Environment Federation, the American Society of Landscape Architects, and ECONorthwest.
  • Bibliography by USDA: Data and modeling for environmental credit trading.
  • Eco-Asset Management: Banking on Nature's Fortune. (December 2003). M. Miller. Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). Electricity Technology Roadmap Limiting Challenge #12, Final Report.
  • Electric Utilities and Water: Emerging Issues and R&D Needs. (2003). Thomas J. Feeley III and Massood Ramezan. Water Environment Federation, 9th Annual Industrial Wastes Technical and Regulatory Conference. San Antonio, TX. 
  • The Future of Wetlands Mitigation Banking. (2005). Leonard Shabman and Paul Scodari. Choice Magazine Vol.20(1).
  • An Innovative System for the Efficient and Effective Treatment of Non-traditional Waters for Reuse in Thermoelectric Power Generation: Final Technical Report. (November 2008). John H. Rodgers, Jr., Ph.D., and James W. Castle, Ph.D. United States Department of Energy Award # DE-FG26-05NT42535.
  • Insights from the Field: Forests for Water. (February 2012). John Talberth, Erin Gray, Evan Branosky, and Todd Gartner. World Resources Institute (WRI) Issue Brief 9.
  • The National Forum on Synergies between Water Quality Trading and Wetland Mitigation Banking:
    • July 2005
    • Aimed at advancing point/nonpoint source trading by identifying "lessons learned" from wetland mitigation banking and at exploring the potential role wetlands can play in providing water quality credits as part of a watershed-scale trading program.
    • Final Report
  • Public Interest Energy Research: 2013 Annual Report. (2014). Mirviss, Lillian. California Energy Commission, Energy Research and Development Division. Publication Number: CEC-500-2014-035-CMF.
  • Ranching for Marine Conservation. (2009). Ricky Booth. Cattle Call. Blog Post.

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 Web Links

  • National Mitigation Banking Association
    • Established in 1998, the NMBA promotes federal legislation and regulatory policy that encourages mitigation banking and conservation banking as a means of compensating for adverse impacts to our nation's environment.

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